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Training Aircraft and Simulators

ITPS has access to a wide variety of aircraft at London International Airport. Interesting aircraft are also hired in from time to time for specific exercises. This flexible approach allows ITPS to offer excellent exposure to a balance of modern and older aircraft types to students on its courses.
ITPS also collaborates with military customers for final project evaluations on military aircraft.

Variable Stability Flying

ITPS makes use of the NRC variable stability helicopters for consolidating handling qualities assessment skills, provide experience of the effects of certain flight control characteristics and varying degrees of stability with reference to pilot in the loop tasks. The NRC helicopters are invaluable tools for these purposes and are used by most test pilot schools. The demonstration profiles selected are equally instructive to fixed wing test pilot candidates

Simulators

Simulators are used throughout the test pilot and flight test engineer training programmes to provide training in Electronic Flight Information and Head Up Display systems evaluation, fly-by-wire flight control laws, autopilot and Flight Management Systems assessment and more. ITPS has contracted with the CAE Toronto training centre and has access to a number of simulators for test pilot school exercises.

Fixed Wing Aircraft

HAWKER HUNTER T75

The iconic Hawker Hunter is a transonic British jet fighter and advanced jet trainer. Close to 2000 were produced for operations with the Royal Air Force and many air forces around the world. The Hunter is still flying in some numbers with RED AIR operators as a reliable and supportable asset. The type is seeing a resurgence with many more being brought back into service.  The Hunter has a long history as a trainer for test pilots. Its transonic capabilities, excellent handling qualities and large operating envelope make it useful and relevant still, today. The two-seat trainer’s side by side seating further makes it uniquely useful in a flight test training environment as do its spinning characteristics. ITPS has purchased two Hawker Hunter trainers, WV318 a T75 (pictured) and XL616 a T7. Both will receive extensive cockpit upgrades and be instrumented for flight tests over the next twelve months. XL616 will be the host for the Advanced Human Machine Interface Research System, (AHMIRS) being developed in collaboration with Ryerson University in Toronto.

The Hawker Hunter T7 is powered by a Rolls Royce Avon, Series 100 engine and has a Vmo of 620 KIAS or Mach .94 at sea level and a service ceiling of 50,000 feet.

AERO VODOCHODY L-39C

Aero Vodochody’s L-39 is the most widely operated jet trainer in the world and remains in service with a number of air arms. ITPS’s L-39 C-GTOZ above, has been upgraded with an Electronic Flight Information System and data acquisition.  The aircraft is employed for Performance, Flying Qualities and Avionics Systems assessment exercises. The L-39C is powered by an AI25-TL turbofan engine and can attain a maximum Mach number of 0.8 and a service ceiling of 36000 ft.

AERO VODOCHODY L-29

The Aero Vodochody L-29 Delfin was the standard trainer of the former Soviet East block air forces and over 3000 were built. ITPS operates two Delfins, both extensively overhauled airframes, equipped with a Curtiss Wright KAM 500 data acquisition and a telemetry system. They type is used for performance, flying qualities, loads and stores certification exercises. The L-29 is powered by a Motorlet M701 turbojet and can attain a maximum Mach 0.785 and a ceiling of 36000 feet

FUJI ROCKWELL COMMANDER 700

Only 49 Commander 700 were built. The product of a joint venture between Fuji Heavy Industries of Japan and Rockwell International in the USA, the aircraft features a very roomy cabin, large aircraft feel, with benign handling qualities. The ITPS example is an early production model and has been fully instrumented for performance, flying qualities and loads flight tests. It has been equipped with telemetry and two flight test engineer stations allowing real time monitoring of key parameters. The Commander 700 is powered by two Avco Lycoming TIO-540-R2AD flat-six piston engines of 340 hp each. Its performance features a maximum speed of 220 KIAS a range of 1200 nautical miles and a service ceiling of 27400 feet.

CIRRUS SR22

The Cirrus SR22 is a four seat all composite general aviation aircraft first certified in 2000. The aircraft features a “glass cockpit” and autopilot. It is equipped with sidestick controls and a ballistic recovery parachute. The ITPS Cirrus is used for flight test techniques demonstrations as well as displays and avionics assessments. On board data acquisition allows recording of key parameters and repeater displays for the rear seat crew member. The Cirrus is powered by a Continental IO-550-N of 310 hp endowing it with a Cruise speed: 183 KIAS a Range: 1,049 nm with reserves at 65% power and a Service ceiling of 17,500 ft

DIAMOND DA42-L360

The Diamond DA42 is an all composite, four seat twin engine propeller aircraft. The aircraft features an innovative design and a Garmin G1000 glass cockpit with autopilot. The North American L-360 version is powered by Lycoming gasoline powered engine unlike the European version which is equipped with diesel engines. The aircraft is used at ITPS for Vmca determination demonstrations as well as for performance and flying qualities flight test techniques demonstrations and flight exercises. The glass cockpit also renders it useful for avionics systems and autopilot testing exercises. The DA-42 L360 has a Gross Weight of 3,748 lb and is powered by two Lycoming IO-360 of 180 hp each. The airplane performance includes a maximum speed of 192 KIAS, range of 914 nm and a service ceiling of 18000 ft.

DIAMOND DA20 C-1 Eclipse

The Diamond Aircraft DA-20 is a two seat all composite general aviation aircraft first flew in 1993. The aircraft features excellent visibility through an aft hinged bubble canopy It is equipped with conventional controls and an analogue cockpit. The DA20 at ITPS is used for flight test techniques demonstrations for flight test engineers and spin testing demonstrations to pilots and engineers. On board data acquisition allows recording of key parameters and reconstruction of the spin post-flight. The DA20 has a Gross weight of 1,764 lb and is powered by a Continental IO-240-B3B four cylinder horizontally opposed piston aircraft engine of 125 hp. The performance includes a cruise speed of 138 KIAS, range of 547 nm and a service ceiling of 13120 ft.

GRUMMAN HU-16 ALBATROSS

The Grumman HU-16 Albatross is an amphibian flying boat which first flew in 1947. The type saw extensive service with a number of air forces around the world including the Royal Canadian Air Force. ITPS’s HU16 was procured to support training of seaplane test pilots and has been equipped with sensors and data acquisition for performance and flying and on the water handling qualities testing. The aircraft is also equipped with an external video system to record water spray characteristics. The Grumman HU-16 Albatross has a maximum Take Off Weight 37,500 lb. It is powered by two Wright R-1820-76 Cyclone 9 nine-cylinder single-row air-cooled radial engines, producing 1,425 hp each. Its performance includes a maximum speed of 205 knots, cruise speed of 108 KIAS a service ceiling of 21500 ft and range of 2478 nm.

IAR 823 BRASOV

The IAR823 is a Romanian built military basic trainer. It is a four-seat metal construction aerobatic aircraft which first flew in 1974. The aircraft features conventional controls and an analogue cockpit. The IAR823 at ITPS is used for flight test techniques demonstrations for flight test engineers and spin testing demonstrations to pilots and engineers. On board data acquisition allows recording of key parameters and reconstruction of the spin post-flight. The IAR823 has a Maximum Take Off Weight of 3307 lb and is powered by a Lycoming IO-540-G1D5 air-cooled flat-six engine, producing 290 hp. The performance includes a maximum speed of 167 KIAS, range of 972 nm and a service ceiling of 18400. The airframe is stressed for +6, -3G.

BOMBARDIER CHALLENGER 601 3A-ER

The Bombardier Canadair Challenger 601 is a Canadian business jet able to accommodate 11 occupants. The aircraft first flew in 1978 and was certified in 1980. The aircraft employed by ITPS C-GORD provides an excellent test pilot training tool with a ceiling of 41000 feet and EFIS equipped cockpit including Flight Management System (FMS) autopilot and weather RADAR. The Challenger 601 has a maximum takeoff weight of 48200 lb. It is powered by two General Electric CF34-3B  turbofans, of 9220 lbf thrust each. The aircraft’s performance Maximum speed of 490 KIAS, Mmo of M 0.85 a service ceiling of 41000 feet and range of 4000 nm with reserves.

This aircraft is owned and operated by FlightPath Charter a charter company based in the Region of Waterloo and is operated by ITPS under a commercial agreement with the company.

EMBRAER EMB 500 PHENOM 100

The Embraer Phenom is a Brazilian very light jet (VLJ). It is a modern aircraft certified in 2007 and equipped with the Embraer Prodigy Touch Flight Deck. The aircraft employed by ITPS C-FLOX is well suited for civil test pilot training featuring modern avionics and autopilot and a useful performance envelope. The aircraft is regularly used for performance, flying qualities and avionics systems testing exercises. The EMB 500 has a Maximum Take Off Weight of 10,582 lb. It is powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada PW617F1-E turbofans. The aircraft’s performance includes a 405 KIAS cruise speed and an Mmo of M 0.7 a service ceiling of 41000 ft and range of 1,178 with reserves.

This aircraft is owned and operated by FlightPath Charter a charter company based in the Region of Waterloo and is operated by ITPS under a commercial agreement with the company.

EMBRAER PHENOM 300

The Embraer EMB-505 Phenom 300 is a Brazilian light jet able to accommodate 11 occupants. The aircraft first flew in 2008 and was certified in 2009. The aircraft employed by ITPS C-FWTF provides an excellent test pilot training tool with a ceiling of 45000 feet and a modern airliner-like glass cockpit and systems, but with much lower operating costs resulting in outstanding training value. The EMB-505 has a maximum takeoff weight of 17,968 lb. It is powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada PW535E turbofans, of 3,360 lbf thrust each. The aircraft’s performance Maximum speed of 450 KIAS, Mmo of M 0.79 a service ceiling of 45000 feet and range of 1971 nm with reserves. Belgian AF student pictured during his final project evaluation of the Phenom 300.

This aircraft is owned and operated by FlightPath Charter a charter company based in the Region of Waterloo and is operated by ITPS under a commercial agreement with the company.

CALSPAN LEAR 25 VARIABLE STABILITY SYSTEM

ITPS has collaborated with CALSPAN since its inception in 1986. To this day the Variable Stability demonstrations and Higher order Flight Controls Systems flights are a highlight of the Graduate Test Pilot and Flight test Engineer course. Depending on student number ITPS students and staff deploy to Buffalo New York State in the USA or the Lear jet deploys to London International Airport. CALSPAN’s Lear 25’s are configured with a digital flight control systems which is re-configurable in-flight to demonstrate varying degrees of stability in three axes. The evaluating pilot station is equipped with both a centre stick and side stick inceptors, both programmable to show the impact of inceptor ergonomics and characteristics on handling qualities. The Lear 25 can accommodate an instructor, trainee test pilot and two flight test engineers in the cabin. It is fully instrumented for flight dynamics research and data are available for analysis post flight. The Lear 25 has a Maximum Take Off Weight of 15,000 lbs and is powered by two General Electric CJ610-6 turbojets of 2950 lbf each. The aircraft has a maximum cruise speed of 464 KIAS, Mmo of M 0.81. The aircraft has a service ceiling of 41000 ft and a range of 1767 nm with reserves.

This aircraft is owned and operated by CALSPAN a Flight Research company based in the Niagara Falls Airport in new York state, USA and is rented by ITPS under a commercial agreement with the company.

Rotary Wing Aircraft

MBB BO-105M

The twin turbine machine is an ideal test pilot school training platform due to its rigid main rotor head, which gives it great maneuverability and agility. The helicopter will be fully instrumented over the coming months for performance and flying qualities flight tests including a TM link.

AGUSTA WESTLAND AW119Ke

An eight-seat utility helicopter powered by a single turbo-shaft engine for the civil market. Used for Performance, Flying Qualities, test techniques instruction, evaluations/data flights, PORTABLE FLIGHT DATA RECORDER (PFDR), 128 parameters, in flight monitoring of selected parameters.

B206 Helicopter

Bell 206B Jet Ranger. This ubiquitous turbine training helicopter is in use by the Canadian Forces, US Army and numerous air arms around the world. The B206 is highly reliable and efficient ensuring smooth progression of the training.

Variable Stability Bell 212

NRC Rotor Wing Variable Stability Bell 212 equipped with a digital fly by wire flight control system. The Variable Stability Helicopters are a powerful tool for training test pilots in the skill of handling qualities assessment.

This aircraft is owned and operated by the Canadian National Research Council and is rented by ITPS under a commercial agreement with the company.

Squirrel AS350

Used for Performance, Flying Qualities, test techniques instruction evaluations/data flights, PORTABLE FLIGHT DATA RECORDER (PFDR), 128 parameters, in flight monitoring of selected parameters.

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